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8th Grade Mathematics

Mathematical Practices

  1. Makes sense of problems and perseveres in solving them
  2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively
  3. Constructs viable arguments and critiques the reasoning of others
  4. Represents thinking with visual models and equations
  5. Uses appropriate tools strategically
  6. Attends to precision

Number Sense and Operations

  1. Performs all four operations with fractions, decimals, percents and integers to solve problems
  2. Understands that the number system includes rational and irrational numbers
  3. Understands large numbers and uses exponential and scientific notation
  4. Understands and uses ratios and proportions to represent quantitative relationships
  5. Understands square numbers and finds square roots to simplify computations and solve problems


  1. Identifies and understands linear and non-linear functions
  2. Uses linear equations to represent, analyze, and solve a variety of problems
  3. Interprets tables and graphs to analyze patterns in mathematical relationships
  4. Understands the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations
  5. Recognizes characteristics of linear, exponential, and quadratic relationships

Geometry and Measurement

  1. Understands relationships among angles, side lengths, perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar objects
  2. Uses coordinate geometry to represent and examine the properties of geometric shapes
  3. Understands and applies the Pythagorean Theorem

Data Analysis and Probability

  1. Collects, organizes, and interprets data
  2. Formulates questions for the purpose of data collection
  3. Creates and uses graphical representations of data
  4. Finds, uses, and interprets measures of center and spread
  5. Computes probabilities for simple compound events